4 legumes that improve soil quality

Not all gardens and soils are created equal. After all, the quality of the soil differs from one field to another. Several factors explain this, but usually it is the natural characteristics of the region or intensive cultivation that can deplete the soil. Some plants have the advantage of improving the quality of the soil, which is especially the case with legumes! They help to prepare the land for future sowing or planting. You can leave them in place to accompany your crops. Here are 4 legumes that improve soil quality.

1) White lupine

The white lupine (Lupinus albus) is a beautiful annual plant that beautifies the vegetable garden. All types of soil are suitable for it, except limestone. In addition to improving your soil, the lupine will reveal its beautiful clusters of white flowers in the spring.

white lupine Lupinus albus
Credit: lenakorzh/iStock

2) Alfalfa

alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a bee plant. It not only improves the soil by loosening it, but also attracts bees and other pollinating insects that are essential for biodiversity. The mauve flowers fit perfectly in a meadow or in flowerbeds.

Alfalfa Medicago sativa
Credits: Shimbhuisstock/iStock

3) Vetch

Vetch is known to lighten the soil and make it more fertile. This green manure comes in the form of light purple ears. It is a climbing plant that can be seen from June to September.

regular vetch
Credits: garnouille11 / iStock

4) Pasture Clover

meadow clover (Trifolium pratense) is also a bee plant. The pink pompoms bring lightness to the garden. There is also crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum) which is used as a green manure to revive a plant weakened by overly intensive crops. As for the white clover (Trifolium repens), it prevents the appearance of weeds and is an excellent ground cover. It is also honeyed and will find its place perfectly near fruit trees.

meadow clover plant
Credits: iStock/KariHoglund