Roses have the ability to beautify any garden. The rose fascinates with its shape, colors and symbolism as well as with its fragrance. However, its reputation makes it a difficult plant to grow. And yet, by following these tips, any novice gardener can grow their own roses. Follow the leader.
The choice of varieties
Not all rose varieties are created equal. If you are a beginner, turn to botanical and old roses. They are known for being sturdier and more hardy. Indeed, the botanicals closely resemble wild roses and offer delicious edible fruits in the fall as well. This is especially the case with the gallica rose.
When we think of old roses we think of the Damascus rose, the centifolia rose or the Gallic rose. In reality, they are hybrid forms of botanical roses, which gives them this robustness. These roses look like loose shrubs that are very easy to grow. There are also climbing roses that bring height to the garden.
Planting, an important step
Before planting there is preparation. These steps are very important for the survival of your roses and to promote a good recovery. Choose quality bare-root roses first if possible.
Prepare your plants by cutting the roots and wood back to 12 inches (30 cm). Work your soil by removing weeds and rocks that can prevent roots from developing.
Make a deep hole 40 cm wide so that the roots have enough space. Make a praline to coat it on your roots with 1/3 soil, 1/3 well-rotted compost and 1/3 rainwater. Each plant should be at least 80 cm apart and in a sunny spot.
Maintenance of roses
Preventive treatments are important to obtain beautiful flowers. They must be organic to avoid damage to nature. These treatments limit the spread of pathologies and make the plants stronger.
Roses are susceptible to fungal diseases such as powdery mildew, rust or marsonia. Humidity is therefore their enemy.
You can spray your roses with nettle, horsetail or comfrey fertilizer.